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Canadian Law on Vehicle Tracking Devices

It’s a technology that’s changed the lives of fleet managers and private investigators alike. But when it comes to tracking vehicles in Canada, exactly what is legal and what definitely is not?

We’ve summarized the Canadian laws on tracking vehicles in both a domestic and commercial context.

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Domestic Use: Vehicle Tracking Laws

domestic vehicle tracking laws in Canada

What do we mean by ‘domestic’ vehicle tracking, and when is it illegal?


What do we mean by domestic vehicle tracking? When we talk about domestic vehicle tracking, we basically mean tracking vehicles outside of a commercial purpose. Typically this means tracking your partner or child, or just your vehicle in general in case of theft.

But when is this legal, and when is it very much not?


When is Domestic Vehicle Tracking Legal?

In Canada, if you are the owner of the vehicle you are tracking, it’s generally legal – whether the person driving knows about it or not. Many people choose to get a vehicle tracker in case of theft – clearly this wouldn’t work so well if they had to tell the thief they were being tracked!

When is Domestic Vehicle Tracking Illegal?

If you have joint ownership of the car you want to track, the law is unclear. It’s best that you avoid tracking a co-owned vehicle altogether. If you don’t own the vehicle you’re trying to track, it’s almost definitely illegal.


Commercial Use: Vehicle Tracking Laws

commercial vehicle tracking laws in Canada

From finding the fastest route to monitoring tire pressure, there’s a lot to like about commercial vehicle tracking


Vehicle tracking for businesses has become really popular in recent years. It makes a company more efficient, and safer too.

But when is it legal, and when is it illegal?

When is Commercial Vehicle Tracking Legal?

Businesses are allowed to use GPS vehicle tracking in order to manage workforce productivity and safety, and to improve customer experience. This is obviously quite a broad and subjective spectrum – if you’re unsure, your best bet is to speak to a fleet management company who can advise you further.

▶ Find out more: Best GPS trackers for cars or Best Vehicle Trackers for Trucks

When is Commercial Vehicle Tracking Illegal?

Again, this is quite uncertain territory. If the reason you’re tracking a vehicle could not be classed as ‘improving safety, productivity or customer experience’, then you may be on shaky ground.

Either way, having a comprehensive policy surrounding your business’ usage of vehicle tracking is a surefire way to get everyone on the same page, and avoid any confusion. And again, if you want to get vehicle tracking for your business but aren’t sure on the rules, just speak to your fleet tracking provider and they’ll be able to advise you.


Why Track Vehicles Commercially?

There’s a reason that vehicle tracking has massively increased in popularity in recent years. It’s a great way for businesses to become more efficient, and it’s really affordable, too.

Here’s some of the ways vehicle tracking could help your business:

  • Help employees find the fastest routes, and easily allocate the closest person to each job
  • Manage fuel consumption
  • Monitor tire pressure and maintenance

...and that’s just the tip of the iceberg!

Keen to know more? Check out our guide to GPS tracking and its benefits.


Next Steps

If you’re interested in getting vehicle tracking devices for your business, you’ve come to the right place. Simply fill in this short form to be matched with the best Canadian suppliers local to you. In the meantime, check out our roundup of the cheapest GPS solutions in Canada, or read up on how much fleet management is likely to cost.

Please note that some of these laws are both subjective and complex, so if you have any doubts, it’s best to check with a legal professional. They can also vary slightly from province to province. If your question relates to commercial vehicle tracking, a business vehicle tracking provider should also be able to help.